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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Walter C. Neale 50 Years After: Beyond Competitive Balance, the League Standing Effect Tested With French Football Data
Author(s): Andreff, Wladimir
Scelles, Nicolas
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Keywords: Neale
competitive balance
league standing effect
sporting stakes
French football
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Date Deposited: 14-Nov-2014
Citation: Andreff W & Scelles N (2015) Walter C. Neale 50 Years After: Beyond Competitive Balance, the League Standing Effect Tested With French Football Data. Journal of Sports Economics, 16 (8), pp. 819-834.
Abstract: In 1964, Neale suggested, in addition to competitive balance, a league standing effect that was never tested per se with empirical data. A model that explains fan attendance in the French football Ligue 1 over 2008-2011 is presented. It takes on-board point difference with the closest competitor chasing a different sporting stake, and positive and negative changes regarding the different sporting stakes. Econometric testing exhibits a negative impact of point difference (i.e., a positive impact of the possibilities of changes), a positive impact of positive changes, and no significant impact of negative changes.
DOI Link: 10.1177/1527002514556621
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Journal of Sports Economics, 16.8, 2015 by SAGE. The original publication is available at:

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