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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Royal and Lordly Residence in Scotland c 1050 to c 1250: an Historiographical Review and Critical Revision
Author(s): Oram, Richard
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Keywords: castles
lordly residence
Nobility Scotland History To 1500
Highland (Scotland) History To 1500
Power (Social sciences) Scotland History To 1500
Environmental archaeology Scotland
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Date Deposited: 18-Mar-2010
Citation: Oram R (2008) Royal and Lordly Residence in Scotland c 1050 to c 1250: an Historiographical Review and Critical Revision. The Antiquaries Journal, 88, pp. 165-189.;
Abstract: Academic study of eleventh to thirteenth century high status residence in Scotland has been largely bypassed by the English debates over origin, function and symbolism. Archaeologists have also been slow to engage with three decades of historical revision of traditional socio-economic, cultural and political models upon which their interpretations of royal and lordly residence have drawn. Scottish castle-studies of the pre-1250 era continue to be framed by a ‘military architecture’ historiographical tradition and a view of the castle as an alien artefact imposed on the land by foreign adventurers and a ‘modernising’ monarchy and native Gaelic nobility. Knowledge and understanding of pre-twelfth century native high status sites is rudimentary and derived primarily from often inappropriate analogy with English examples. Discussion of native responses to the imported castle-building culture is founded upon retrospective projection of inappropriate later medieval social and economic models and anachronistic perceptions of military colonialism. Cultural and socio-economic difference is rarely recognised in archaeological modelling and cultural determinism has distorted perceptions of structural form, social status and material values. A programme of interdisciplinary studies focused on specific sites is necessary to provide a corrective to this current situation.
DOI Link: 10.1017/S0003581500001372
Rights: Published in The Antiquaries Journal. Copyright: Cambridge University Press / The Society of Antiquaries of London. This paper has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form, subsequent to editorial input by Cambridge University Press, in The Antiquaries Journal, Volume 88, September 2008, pp. 165 - 189, published by Cambridge University Press, Copyright © The Society of Antiquaries of London 2008.;

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