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dc.contributor.authorDoi, Lawrenceen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCheyne, Helenen_UK
dc.contributor.authorJepson, Ruthen_UK
dc.description.abstractBackground: Infants exposed to alcohol in the womb are at increased risk of experiencing health problems. However, mixed messages about the consequences of prenatal alcohol consumption have resulted in inconsistent attitudes and practices amongst some healthcare practitioners. Screening and alcohol brief interventions (ABIs) can reduce risky drinking in various clinical settings. Recently, a program of screening and ABIs have been implemented in antenatal care settings in Scotland. However, current evidence suggests that midwives' involvement in alcohol brief interventions activities is patchy. This study explored midwives' attitudes and practices regarding alcohol screening and ABIs in order to understand why they are relatively underutilized in antenatal care settings compared to other clinical settings. Methods: This was a qualitative study, involving semi-structured interviews with 15 midwives and a focus group with a further six midwifery team leaders (21 participants in total) in Scotland. Interview transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Midwives were positive about their involvement in the screening and ABI program. However, they were not completely convinced about the purpose and value of the screening and ABIs in antenatal care. In the midst of competing priorities, the program was seen as having a low priority in their workload. Midwives felt that the rapport between them and pregnant women was not sufficiently established at the first antenatal appointment to allow them to discuss alcohol issues appropriately. They reported that many women had already given up drinking or were drinking minimal amounts prior to the first antenatal appointment. Conclusions: Midwives recognised the important role they could play in alcohol intervention activities in antenatal care. As the majority of women stop consuming alcohol in pregnancy, many will not need an ABI. Those who have not stopped are likely to need an ABI, but midwives were concerned that it was this group that they were most likely to alienate by discussing such concerns. Further consideration should be given to pre-pregnancy preventative measures as they are more likely to reduce alcohol-exposed pregnancies.en_UK
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltden_UK
dc.relationDoi L, Cheyne H & Jepson R (2014) Alcohol brief interventions in Scottish antenatal care: A qualitative study of midwives' attitudes and practices. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14 (1), Art. No.: 170.
dc.rights© 2014 Doi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.en_UK
dc.subjectPregnant womenen_UK
dc.subjectScreening and alcohol brief interventionsen_UK
dc.subjectFetal harmen_UK
dc.subjectQualitative researchen_UK
dc.titleAlcohol brief interventions in Scottish antenatal care: A qualitative study of midwives' attitudes and practicesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleBMC Pregnancy and Childbirthen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Edinburghen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationHealth Sciences Stirlingen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorDoi, Lawrence|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCheyne, Helen|0000-0001-5738-8390en_UK
local.rioxx.authorJepson, Ruth|0000-0002-9446-445Xen_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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