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dc.contributor.authorMcNeill, Ann-
dc.contributor.authorIringe-Koko, Belinda-
dc.contributor.authorBains, Manpreet-
dc.contributor.authorBauld, Linda-
dc.contributor.authorSiggens, Geoffrey-
dc.contributor.authorRussell, Andrew-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Illicit tobacco (IT) undermines the effectiveness of tobacco control strategies. We assessed the implementation and impact of a new programme designed to reduce demand for, as well as supply of, IT, in the north of England, where IT was prevalent. Methods: ‘Mixed methods' research was undertaken. Qualitative methods included stakeholder interviews (at outset and 1 year later) and ethnographic research. Indicators reflecting those supply and demand issues for which data were available were identified and monitored, including relevant items on two cross-sectional surveys carried out in 2009 and 2011 with over 4000 individuals from which a social marketing campaign was also developed. IT reports to two existing hotlines, promoted through the programme, were assessed. Results: Initially, concerns abounded about the different philosophies and ways of working of local and national enforcement and health agencies, but these were much reduced at follow-up. A protocol was developed which greatly facilitated the flow of intelligence about IT supply. A social marketing campaign was developed highlighting two messages: IT makes it easier for children to start smoking and brings crime into the community, thereby avoiding misleading messages about relative harms of illicit and licit tobacco. Public and stakeholder awareness of IT increased as did calls to both hotlines. Conclusions: A partnership of agencies, with competing values, was established to tackle IT, a complex public health issue and, inter alia, implemented a social marketing campaign using novel messages. This improved the flow of intelligence about the supply of IT and increased awareness of IT.en_UK
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Group-
dc.relationMcNeill A, Iringe-Koko B, Bains M, Bauld L, Siggens G & Russell A (2014) Countering the demand for, and supply of, illicit tobacco: An assessment of the 'North of England Tackling Illicit Tobacco for Better Health' Programme, Tobacco Control, 23, pp. 344-e50.-
dc.rightsThis is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
dc.titleCountering the demand for, and supply of, illicit tobacco: An assessment of the 'North of England Tackling Illicit Tobacco for Better Health' Programmeen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleTobacco Control-
dc.type.statusPost-print (author final draft post-refereeing)-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity College London-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity College London-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Nottingham-
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketing-
dc.contributor.affiliationNEMS Market Research-
dc.contributor.affiliationDurham University-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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