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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport eTheses
Title: A Feasibility and Exploratory Study of Cardiac Rehabilitation in Acute Coronary Syndrome
Author(s): McKay, Janet A
Supervisor(s): Shepherd, Ashley
Niven, Catherine
Keywords: acute coronary syndrome
cardiac rehabilitation
quality of life
low troponin
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: University of Stirling
Abstract: Abstract Background: Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) has been shown to be effective in reducing mortality and morbidity in Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). There is a limited amount of research that evaluates the impact of menu-based CR, in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome with Low Troponin levels (ACSLT). Aim: This thesis contains a feasibility study and an exploratory study. The feasibility study aimed to examine the feasibility of a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) which would test the impact of a menu-based CR programme, on individuals diagnosed with ACSLT, against standard care. This feasibility study included staff views. The exploratory study aimed to explore the impact that ACSLT and CR can have on this client group. Method: The feasibility study was a repeated measures case-control trial of menu-based CR based on the theoretical framework of the Common Sense Model of Self-Regulation (CSM), using a range of health assessments. The areas assessed included misconceptions, symptoms, anxiety, depression and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). In addition, focus groups were held with both ward and specialist CR staff to seek their views on the feasibility of a RCT of menu-based CR for ACSLT. The exploratory study consisted of description and analysis of the data that had been collected from the participants over the two year period as above. In addition it included qualitative data that had been collected during interviews with the participants. Findings: Participants (n=33) were recruited from cardiology wards following an admission with ACSLT. They were assessed at baseline (T1), nine months (T3) and 24 months (T4). Twenty-five participants completed the studies. The feasibility study was successful in its aim of testing the CR intervention and protocols for a further RCT. The intervention was acceptable to the participants and to the specialist staff, although the ward staff did not see the need for a RCT. The measures used, with the exception of the self-reporting measures, were suitable and provided a wide range of data that could be utilised in a RCT. However the changes to diagnostic categories meant that a RCT would no longer be feasible. The exploratory study found that both groups were similar on a range of baseline demographic and clinical factors. There was a tendency to benefit within the exploratory study which favoured the intervention. An additional finding from the exploratory study was the degree of uncertainty experienced by the participants, within the context of a changing political and clinical landscape. Discussion and conclusions: The studies presented in this thesis add to our knowledge by highlighting some of the difficulties in designing a RCT of menu-based CR in a specific subgroup of CHD and by presenting outcome data for a small group of participants that have not previously been studied within the literature. This data suggests that there was a tendency to benefit for the intervention that requires further study. Implications for practice: Patients with ACSLT are now being included in CR programmes due to the changes within the diagnostic criteria. Clinicians have little understanding of the impact of CR on this group of patients, or what type of interventions would work best. Large RCT’s will however be problematic and this thesis has highlighted that further work is required to explore how CR can best improve the well-being of individuals with ACSLT.
Type: Thesis or Dissertation

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