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dc.contributor.authorLehmann, Juliaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLee, Phyllis Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDunbar, Robin I Men_UK
dc.contributor.editorDunbar RIM, RIMen_UK
dc.contributor.editorGamble, Cen_UK
dc.contributor.editorGowlett, JAJen_UK
dc.description.abstractFirst paragraph: Multi-level and fission-fusion social systems are relatively uncommon across the animal kingdom: most group-living species live in at least temporarily stable social groups, where all members of the group form a relatively cohesive group. However, there are two major deviations from this scheme. In some species, small cohesive (usually reproductive) units, such as families or one-male units with attached females and offspring, aggregate regularly with other small cohesive units, thereby forming higher level groupings. This type of multi-layered sociality has e.g. been shown for African and Asian elephants (Moss &Poole 1983, Wittemyer et al. 2005; de Silva et al., 2011), zebras (Rubenstein & Hack 2004), whales (Baird 2000, Whitehead et al. 1991), prairie dogs (Hoogland 1995), horses (Linklater 2000), parrots (Wanker et al., 1998) and several primate taxa, including the African papionins Papio hamadryas and Theropithecus and some Asian colobines (notably Rhinopithecus, Nasalis and Pygathrix). In all these cases, the small unit is the stable social unit with higher level groupings being built out of these smaller units; multi-level sociality is thus achieved via a bottom-up mechanism with small stable groups flexibly aggregating into larger, more fluid groupings (of which several layers can exist).en_UK
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_UK
dc.relationLehmann J, Lee PC & Dunbar RIM (2014) Unravelling the function of community-level organization. In: Dunbar RIM R, Gamble C & Gowlett J (eds.) Lucy to Language: the Benchmark Papers. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 245-276.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.titleUnravelling the function of community-level organizationen_UK
dc.typePart of book or chapter of booken_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[DONE Lucy Communities MS.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.citation.btitleLucy to Language: the Benchmark Papersen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Roehamptonen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
rioxxterms.typeBook chapteren_UK
local.rioxx.authorLehmann, Julia|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorLee, Phyllis C|0000-0002-4296-3513en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDunbar, Robin I M|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.contributorDunbar RIM, RIM|en_UK
local.rioxx.contributorGamble, C|en_UK
local.rioxx.contributorGowlett, JAJ|en_UK
local.rioxx.filenameDONE Lucy Communities MS.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Book Chapters and Sections

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