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dc.contributor.authorBirchall, Johnston-
dc.contributor.authorSimmons, Richard-
dc.description.abstractThis article reports on findings from a three year study of co-operatives in Sri Lanka and Tanzania. The article asks three questions: why do co-operative sectors need reforming; what is the co-operative reform process; and why has reform succeeded in some countries but not others? It provides a short history of co-operatives in three phases: the colonial period, the post-colonial nationalist period and the period of market liberalisation. It shows that the control exercised by colonial governments was deepened under nationalist governments, with co-operatives becoming parastatals. Liberalisation brought a sustained attempt by international agencies to reassert the distinctive nature of co-operatives as member-owned businesses. However, co-ops were ill-prepared to adjust to a competitive market and the lifting of government regulation; many failed, some were corrupted, while a few became truly member-controlled. The article draws on documentary analysis and key informant interviews to provide accounts of the reform process in Tanzania and Sri Lanka. It finds that the process is incomplete and often contested.en_UK
dc.relationBirchall J & Simmons R (2010) The co-operative reform process in Tanzania and Sri Lanka, Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 81 (3), pp. 467-500.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.titleThe co-operative reform process in Tanzania and Sri Lankaen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitleAnnals of Public and Cooperative Economics-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationSociology/Social Pol&Criminology-
dc.contributor.affiliationSociology/Social Pol&Criminology-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Social Sciences Journal Articles

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