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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Embodying public opinion: from petitions to mass meetings in nineteenth-century Portugal
Author(s): Palacios Cerezales, Diego
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Keywords: Portugal
right to petition
nineteenth century
popular protest
social movements
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Date Deposited: 26-Jul-2013
Citation: Palacios Cerezales D (2011) Embodying public opinion: from petitions to mass meetings in nineteenth-century Portugal. e-Journal of Portuguese History, 9 (1), pp. 1-19.
Abstract: The establishment of representative government in Portugal implied the free participation of the citizenry in the formation of public opinion. The right to petition was initially understood as an individual form of participation, but soon it would be practiced through public gatherings, marches and other displays of the collective will of a multitude. Initially, most of those forms of popular participation were identified with riots and insurrections, but during the second half of the nineteenth century, the public meeting became institutionalized. This paper explores the process whereby political campaigns based on drafting petitions, collecting signatures, and holding public meetings became a legitimate political form.
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