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Title: Is Cognition Embedded or Extended? The Case of Gestures
Author(s): Wheeler, Michael
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Editor(s): Radman, Z
Citation: Wheeler M (2013) Is Cognition Embedded or Extended? The Case of Gestures. In: Radman Z (ed.) The Hand, an Organ of the Mind: What the Manual tells the Mental. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 269-301.
Issue Date: 2013
Date Deposited: 24-May-2013
Abstract: First paragraph: When we perform bodily gestures, are we ever literally thinking with our hands (arms, shoulders, etc.)? In the more precise, but correspondingly drier, technical language of contemporary philosophy of mind and cognition, essentially the same question might be asked as follows: are bodily gestures ever among the material vehicles that realize cognitive processes? More precisely still, is it ever true that a coupled system made up of neural activity and bodily gestures counts as realizing a process of thought, in such a way that the gross bodily movements concerned should be granted cognitive status along with, and in essentially the same sense as, the neural activity?
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This chapter is reprinted from The Hand, an Organ of the Mind: What the Manual Tell the Mental, edited by Zdravko Radman, published by The MIT Press. Available at:

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