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dc.contributor.authorThomas, Elju Een_UK
dc.contributor.authorDe Vito, Giuseppeen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMacaluso, Andreaen_UK
dc.description.abstractThis randomized controlled study was designed to prove the hypothesis that a novel approach to high-speed interval training, based on walking on a treadmill with the use of body weight unloading (BWU), would have improved energy cost and speed of overground walking in healthy older women. Participants were randomly assigned to either the exercise group (n = 11, 79.6 ± 3.7 yr, mean ± SD) or the nonintervention control group (n = 11, 77.6 ± 2.3 yr). During the first 6 wk, the exercise group performed walking interval training on the treadmill with 40% BWU at the maximal walking speed corresponding to an intensity close to heart rate at ventilatory threshold (Tvent walking speed). Each session consisted of four sets of 5 min of walking (three 1-min periods at Tvent walking speed, with two 1-min intervals at comfortable walking speed in between each period at Tvent walking speed) with 1-min interval between each set. Speed was increased session by session until the end of week 6. BWU was then progressively reduced to 10% during the last 6 wk of intervention. After 12 wk, the walking energy cost per unit of distance at all self-selected overground walking speeds (slow, comfortable, and fast) was significantly reduced in the range from 18 to 21%. The exercise group showed a 13% increase in maximal walking speed and a 67% increase in mechanical power output at Tvent after the training program. The novel "overspeed" training approach has been demonstrated to be effective in improving energy cost and speed of overground walking in healthy older women.en_UK
dc.publisherAmerican Physiological Societyen_UK
dc.relationThomas EE, De Vito G & Macaluso A (2007) Speed training with body weight unloading improves walking energy cost and maximal speed in 75- to 85-year-old healthy women. Journal of Applied Physiology, 103, pp. 1598-1603.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectrandomized controlled trialen_UK
dc.subjectwalking speeden_UK
dc.subjectwalking economyen_UK
dc.subjectventilatory thresholden_UK
dc.subjectPhysical education and trainingen_UK
dc.subjectMuscle strengthen_UK
dc.subjectPhysical fitness --Physiological aspects.en_UK
dc.subjectExercise for older peopleen_UK
dc.titleSpeed training with body weight unloading improves walking energy cost and maximal speed in 75- to 85-year-old healthy womenen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Elju_JAP_training_paper1.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of Applied Physiologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Strathclydeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Strathclydeen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorThomas, Elju E|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDe Vito, Giuseppe|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMacaluso, Andrea|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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