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dc.contributor.authorHutchison, Iain Cen_UK
dc.description.abstractFrom Introduction: By the end of the nineteenth century institutional provision for a wide range of objectives was well-established in Scotland as it was across much of Europe and beyond. While adults were often the initial focus of such provision, specialist institutions for children were also established. However, for disabled children, their introduction might be regarded as haphazard. Institutional provision for hearing impaired children can be traced to 1760, but institutional intervention did not occur for children with physical disabilities until 1874. Institutions for disabled children developed in a context where Scotland’s growing population was gravitating towards the industrialising cities. It was also an era when the ‘rational’ body, and mind, became of concern to ‘respectable’ middle class society while the rise in stature of the medical profession resulted in the ‘imperfect’ body and mind being viewed as defects requiring repair. As ‘disability’ was a collective circumstance constructed in the twentieth century, the uncoordinated development of the preceding century is understandable. In the language of the nineteenth century, the needs and circumstances of a ‘blind’ child were regarded as quite different from those of an ‘idiot’ or ‘imbecile’ child, and a ‘deaf and dumb’ child was not seen as having anything in common with a child who was ‘lame’, ‘crippled’ or bedridden with joint disease. Institutions for disabled children were established with a variety of objectives, including education and training, medical intervention and custodial confinement. The application of the residential institutional option to different types of disablement in childhood was an erratic process lasting more than a century. This paper will begin by exploring the fragmented approach to institutional provision for disabled children in Scotland. The aims of institutions in providing education, training and employment will then be examined along with their roles in providing moral and religious inculcation and facilitating medical intervention. Finally, the objectives of the supporters and administrators of institutions will be discussed, but tempered by some first hand testimony of the institutional experience.en_UK
dc.publisherScottish Institute for Residential Child Care (SIRCC)en_UK
dc.relationHutchison IC (2004) Early Institutional Provision in Scotland for Disabled Children. Scottish Journal of Residential Child Care, 3 (1), pp. 31-43.
dc.rightsThe publisher has granted permission for use of this article in this Repository. The article was first published in the Scottish Journal of Residential Child Care by the Scottish Institute for Residential Child Care (SIRCC).en_UK
dc.subjectPeople with disabilities Home care Scotland 19th centuryen_UK
dc.subjectChildren with disabilities Scotlanden_UK
dc.subjectChildren Institutional care Scotland 19th centuryen_UK
dc.titleEarly Institutional Provision in Scotland for Disabled Childrenen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleScottish Journal of Residential Child Careen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorHutchison, Iain C|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameScottish Journal of Residential Child Care - 2 April 2004.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles

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