|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Clinicians' actions associated with the successful patient care process: a content analysis of interviews with paediatric occupational therapists|
quality of care
Occupational therapy for children
|Citation:||Kolehmainen N, Duncan E & Francis J (2013) Clinicians' actions associated with the successful patient care process: a content analysis of interviews with paediatric occupational therapists. Disability and Rehabilitation, 35 (5), pp. 388-396. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2012.694960|
|Abstract:||Purpose: Clinicians' actions impact the patient care process and pathway. This study identified clinicians' actions associated with successful care processes in one community healthcare setting, children's occupational therapy. Method: A secondary analysis in a form of a quantitative content analysis was conducted of 47 interview transcripts, describing outcomes and therapists' (n = 25) self-reported actions in 25 "successful" and 22 "unsuccessful" care processes. The successful processes were those with positive outcomes (clear and coherent process with easy discharge; achieved patient goals and positive patient-clinician relationships). The transcripts were coded for presence of therapists' actions and non-actions using content analysis; and actions associated with success of the process were identified by Pearson Chi-square test. Results: In total 207 actions were identified. These clustered around six areas: assessment, setting goals and planning actions, treatment, review, discharging, and managing processes and relationships. The key actions associated with successful processes were: gather perspectives from others at assessment (χ2 = 6.65, p less than 0.01); identify therapy goals (13.16, p less than 0.01); agree/communicate plans, roles and responsibilities (9.10, p less than 0.01); involve the child and parents in treatment (6.36, p = 0.01); adapt physical environment (6.01, p = 0.01) and make comparisons between the baseline, current and target levels when reviewing progress (6.36, p = 0.01). Conclusions: The actions identified are congruent with literatures about patient involvement and goal achievement. Specific hypotheses about the mechanisms by which the identified actions may relate to care process are presented.|
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