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Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study
Author(s): Daly, Michael
Baumeister, Roy
Delaney, Liam
MacLachlan, Malcolm
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Keywords: Personality
Heart rate
Heart rate variability
Affect variability
Day Reconstruction Method
Issue Date: Feb-2014
Date Deposited: 22-Mar-2013
Citation: Daly M, Baumeister R, Delaney L & MacLachlan M (2014) Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37 (1), pp. 81-93.
Abstract: This study aimed to ascertain whether selfcontrol predicts heart rate, heart rate variability, and the cortisol slope, and to determine whether health behaviors and affect patterns mediate these relationships. A sample of 198 adults completed the Self-Control Scale (Tangney in J Pers 72:271-322, 2004), and reported their exercise levels, and cigarette and alcohol use. Participants provided a complete account of their emotional experiences over a full day, along with morning and evening salivary cortisol samples and a continuous measure of cardiovascular activity on the same day. High trait self-control predicted low resting heart rate, high heart rate variability, and a steep cortisol slope. Those with high self-control displayed stable emotional patterns which explained the link between self-control and the cortisol slope. The self-controlled smoked less and this explained their low heart rates. The capacity to sustain stable patterns of affect across diverse contexts may be an important pathway through which self-control relates to psychophysiological functioning and potentially health.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10865-012-9470-9
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