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dc.contributor.authorNeal, Craig M-
dc.contributor.authorHunter, Angus-
dc.contributor.authorBrennan, Lorraine-
dc.contributor.authorO'Sullivan, Aifric-
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, David Lee-
dc.contributor.authorDe, Vito Giuseppe-
dc.contributor.authorGalloway, S D-
dc.description.abstractAim: To investigate physiological adaptation with two endurance training periods differing in intensity distribution. Methods: In a randomised cross-over fashion, separated by 4-weeks of detraining, 12 male cyclists completed two 6-week training periods: (1) a polarised model (6.4(±1.4)hrs.week(-1); 80%, 0%, 20% of training time in low, moderate and high intensity zones); and (2) a threshold model (7.5(±2.0)hrs.week(-1); 57%, 43%, 0% training intensity distribution). Before and after each training period, following 2 days of diet and exercise control, fasted skeletal muscle biopsies were obtained for mitochondrial enzyme activity and monocarboxylate transporter (MCT1/4) expression, and morning first void urine samples collected for NMR spectroscopy based metabolomics analysis. Endurance performance (40km time trial), incremental exercise, peak power output, and high-intensity exercise capacity (95% Wmax to exhaustion) were also assessed. Results: Endurance performance, peak power output, lactate threshold, MCT4, and high-intensity exercise capacity all increased over both training periods. Improvements were greater following polarised than threshold for peak power output (Mean (±SEM) change of 8(±2)% vs. 3(±1)%, P less than 0.05), lactate threshold (9(±3)% vs. 2(±4)%, P less than 0.05), and high-intensity exercise capacity (85(±14)% vs. 37(±14)%, P less than 0.05). No changes in mitochondrial enzyme activities or MCT1 were observed following training. A significant multi-level partial least squares-discriminant analysis model was obtained for the threshold model but not the polarised model in the metabolomics analysis. Conclusion: A polarised training distribution results in greater systemic adaptation over 6 weeks in already well-trained cyclists. Markers of muscle metabolic adaptation are largely unchanged but metabolomics markers suggest different cellular metabolic stress that requires further investigation.en_UK
dc.publisherAmerican Physiological Society-
dc.relationNeal CM, Hunter A, Brennan L, O'Sullivan A, Hamilton DL, De Vito G & Galloway SD (2013) Six weeks of a polarized training-intensity distribution leads to greater physiological and performance adaptations than a threshold model in trained cyclists, Journal of Applied Physiology, 114 (4), pp. 461-471.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectskeletal muscleen_UK
dc.subject.lcshMuscle strength Testing-
dc.subject.lcshMuscle strength Measurement-
dc.titleSix weeks of a polarized training-intensity distribution leads to greater physiological and performance adaptations than a threshold model in trained cyclistsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of Applied Physiology-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirling-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity College Dublin (UCD)-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity College Dublin (UCD)-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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