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dc.contributor.authorTappin, Daviden_UK
dc.contributor.authorBauld, Lindaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorTannahill, Carolen_UK
dc.contributor.authorde Caestecker, Lindaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRadley, Andrewen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMcConnachie, Alexen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBoyd, Kathleenen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBriggs, Andrewen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGrant, Lizen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCameron, Alanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMacAskill, Susanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSinclair, Lesleyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFriel, Brendaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorColeman, Timen_UK
dc.description.abstractBackground: Seventy percent of women in Scotland have at least one baby, making pregnancy an opportunity to help most young women quit smoking before their own health is irreparably compromised. By quitting during pregnancy their infants will be protected from miscarriage and still birth as well as low birth weight, asthma, attention deficit disorder and adult cardiovascular disease. In the UK, the NICE guidelines: 'How to stop smoking in pregnancy and following childbirth' (June 2010) highlighted that little evidence exists in the literature to confirm the efficacy of financial incentives to help pregnant smokers to quit. Its first research recommendation was to determine: Within a UK context, are incentives an acceptable, effective and cost-effective way to help pregnant women who smoke to quit? Design and methods: This study is a phase II exploratory individually randomized controlled trial comparing standard care for pregnant smokers with standard care plus the additional offer of financial voucher incentives to engage with specialist cessation services and/or to quit smoking during pregnancy. Participants (n = 600) will be pregnant smokers identified at maternity booking who, when contacted by specialist cessation services, agree to having their details passed to the NHS Smokefree Pregnancy Study Helpline to discuss the trial. The NHS Smokefree Pregnancy Study Helpline will be responsible for telephone consent and follow-up in late pregnancy. The primary outcome will be self reported smoking in late pregnancy verified by cotinine measurement. An economic evaluation will refine cost data collection and assess potential cost-effectiveness while qualitative research interviews with clients and health professionals will assess the level of acceptance of this form of incentive payment. The research questions are: What is the likely therapeutic efficacy? Are incentives potentially cost-effective? Is individual randomization an efficient trial design without introducing outcome bias? Can incentives be introduced in a way that is feasible and acceptable? Discussion: This phase II trial will establish a workable design to reduce the risks associated with a future definitive phase III multicenter randomized controlled trial and establish a framework to assess the costs and benefits of financial incentives to help pregnant smokers to quit. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN87508788en_UK
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltden_UK
dc.relationTappin D, Bauld L, Tannahill C, de Caestecker L, Radley A, McConnachie A, Boyd K, Briggs A, Grant L, Cameron A, MacAskill S, Sinclair L, Friel B & Coleman T (2012) The Cessation in Pregnancy Incentives Trial (CPIT): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 13 (113).
dc.rights© 2012 Tappin et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_UK
dc.subjectMaternal and child healthen_UK
dc.titleThe Cessation in Pregnancy Incentives Trial (CPIT): study protocol for a randomized controlled trialen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationGlasgow Centre for Population Healthen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNHS Greater Glasgow & Clydeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNHS Taysideen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgowen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgowen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgowen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNHS Greater Glasgow & Clydeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationQueen Mother's Hospital, Glasgowen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSocio-Management - LEGACYen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNHS Greater Glasgow & Clydeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Nottinghamen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorTappin, David|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBauld, Linda|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorTannahill, Carol|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorde Caestecker, Linda|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRadley, Andrew|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMcConnachie, Alex|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBoyd, Kathleen|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBriggs, Andrew|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGrant, Liz|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCameron, Alan|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMacAskill, Susan|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSinclair, Lesley|0000-0002-2210-8181en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFriel, Brenda|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorColeman, Tim|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameCPIT protocolpapertrials.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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