Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11000
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dc.contributor.authorHyland, Andrew-
dc.contributor.authorLaux, Fritz L-
dc.contributor.authorHigbee, Cheryl-
dc.contributor.authorHastings, Gerard-
dc.contributor.authorRoss, Hana-
dc.contributor.authorChaloupka, Frank-
dc.contributor.authorFong, Geoffrey T-
dc.contributor.authorCummings, K Michael-
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-10T02:41:32Z-
dc.date.issued2006-06-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/11000-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Higher cigarette prices result in decreased cigarette consumption, but some smokers may seek lower-taxed cigarette sources. This price avoidance behaviour likely dampens the health impact of higher cigarette prices although it has not been thoroughly studied. Objective: To describe the characteristics of smokers who purchase low/untaxed cigarettes and to examine how this behaviour is associated with subsequent changes in smoking behaviours. Methods: Telephone survey data from 8930 smokers from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey (ITC-4) were used to assess cigarette purchase patterns and smoking behaviours in Wave 1 conducted from October to December 2002 and subsequently followed seven months later in Wave 2. Respondents' smoking status, attempts to quit, amount smoked, and cigarette purchase patterns were assessed in both waves. Results: Rates of purchase from a low/untaxed source at the respondents' last cigarette purchase differed notably between countries at Wave 1, from less than 1% in Australia to 15% in the United Kingdom. In the UK, but not the other countries, this increased significantly to 20% at Wave 2. Smokers who were older, white/English speakers, had higher incomes, and had higher levels of education were more likely to report purchasing cigarettes from a low/untaxed source on their last purchase. Those who reported purchasing from a low/untaxed source on their last purchase at Wave 1 were less likely to have tried to quit smoking by Wave 2 (relative risk 0.70, p less than 0.01), while no overall significant association with smoking cessation was observed. Conclusion: Data from this study indicate that there are lower levels of making a quit attempt among purchasers of low/untaxed cigarettes compared to purchasers of full-priced cigarettes. The availability of low/untaxed cigarettes may mitigate the influence of increases in cigarette prices.en_UK
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Group-
dc.relationHyland A, Laux FL, Higbee C, Hastings G, Ross H, Chaloupka F, Fong GT & Cummings KM (2006) Cigarette purchase patterns in four countries and the relationship with cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey, Tobacco Control, 15 (Supplement 3), pp. iii59-iii64.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectadolescenten_UK
dc.subjectadulten_UK
dc.subjectageden_UK
dc.subjectarticleen_UK
dc.subjectAustraliaen_UK
dc.subjectCanadaen_UK
dc.subjectclinical trialen_UK
dc.subjectcommercial phenomenaen_UK
dc.subjectcosten_UK
dc.subjectcultural factoren_UK
dc.subjecteconomicsen_UK
dc.subjecthealth surveyen_UK
dc.subjecthumanen_UK
dc.subjectmethodologyen_UK
dc.subjectmiddle ageden_UK
dc.subjectmotivationen_UK
dc.subjectmulticenter studyen_UK
dc.subjectsmokingen_UK
dc.subjectsmoking cessationen_UK
dc.subjectstatisticsen_UK
dc.subjecttaxen_UK
dc.subjectUnited Kingdomen_UK
dc.subjectUnited Statesen_UK
dc.titleCigarette purchase patterns in four countries and the relationship with cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Surveyen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargodate2999-12-31T00:00:00Z-
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tc.2005.012203-
dc.citation.jtitleTobacco Control-
dc.citation.issn0964-4563-
dc.citation.volume15-
dc.citation.issueSupplement 3-
dc.citation.spageiii59-
dc.citation.epageiii64-
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublished-
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereed-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.author.emailgerard.hastings@stir.ac.uk-
dc.contributor.affiliationRoswell Park Cancer Institute-
dc.contributor.affiliationNorth Eastern State University-
dc.contributor.affiliationRoswell Park Cancer Institute-
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketing-
dc.contributor.affiliationRTI International-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Illinois at Chicago-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Waterloo-
dc.contributor.affiliationRoswell Park Cancer Institute-
dc.rights.embargoterms2999-12-31-
dc.rights.embargoliftdate2999-12-31-
dc.identifier.isi000202987600009-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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