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dc.contributor.authorBorland, Ron-
dc.contributor.authorYong, Hua-Hie-
dc.contributor.authorBalmford, James-
dc.contributor.authorFong, Geoffrey T-
dc.contributor.authorZanna, Mark P-
dc.contributor.authorHastings, Gerard-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To replicate findings that risk-minimizing and self-exempting beliefs lower quit intentions, and to extend this by testing their capacity to prospectively predict smoking cessation. Method: 13,324 adult (≥ 18 years) cigarette smokers from the USA, Canada, UK, and Australia from one of the first three waves (2002-2004) of the International Tobacco Control 4-Country survey were employed for the predictive analysis where beliefs measured in one wave (1-3) of a cohort were used to predict cessation outcomes in the next wave (2-4). Results: Both types of belief were negatively associated with both intention to quit in the same wave and making a quit attempt at the next wave. When taken together and controlling for demographic factors, the risk-minimizing beliefs continued to be predictive, but the self-exempting belief was not. Some of the effects of risk-minimizing beliefs on quit attempts seem to be independent of intentions, but not consistently independent of other known predictors. There were no consistent predictive effects on sustained cessation among those who made attempts to quit for either measure. Conclusions: Countering risk-minimizing beliefs may facilitate increased quitting, but this may not be so important for self-exempting beliefs.en_UK
dc.relationBorland R, Yong H, Balmford J, Fong GT, Zanna MP & Hastings G (2009) Do risk-minimizing beliefs about smoking inhibit quitting? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four-Country Survey, Preventive Medicine, 49 (2-3), pp. 219-223.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectSelf-exempting beliefsen_UK
dc.subjectIntention to quiten_UK
dc.subjectQuit attemptsen_UK
dc.subjectProspective predictionen_UK
dc.subjectSmoking cessationen_UK
dc.titleDo risk-minimizing beliefs about smoking inhibit quitting? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four-Country Surveyen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitlePreventive Medicine-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationCancer Council Victoria-
dc.contributor.affiliationCancer Council Victoria-
dc.contributor.affiliationCancer Council Victoria-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Waterloo-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Waterloo-
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketing-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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