Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/8944
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Review of climate change impacts on marine aquaculture in the UK and Ireland
Authors: Callaway, Ruth
Shinn, Andrew
Grenfell, Suzanne E
Bron, James
Burnell, Gavin
Cook, Elizabeth E
Crumlish, Margaret
Culloty, Sarah
Davidson, Keith
Ellis, Robert P
Flynn, Kevin J
Fox, Clive
Green, Darren
Hays, Graeme C
Hughes, Adam D
Johnston, Erin
Lowe, Christopher D
Lupatsch, Ingrid
Malham, Shelagh K
Mendzil, Anouska F
Nickell, Thom
Pickerell, Tom
Rowley, Andrew F
Stanley, Michele S
Tocher, Douglas R
Turnbull, James
Webb, Gemma
Wootton, Emma
Shields, Robin J
Contact Email: d.r.tocher@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Aquaculture
climate change
pollution
water quality
disease
fish
invertebrates
algae
coastal
littoral
estuary
habitat
Issue Date: May-2012
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Callaway R, Shinn A, Grenfell SE, Bron J, Burnell G, Cook EE, Crumlish M, Culloty S, Davidson K, Ellis RP, Flynn KJ, Fox C, Green D, Hays GC, Hughes AD, Johnston E, Lowe CD, Lupatsch I, Malham SK, Mendzil AF, Nickell T, Pickerell T, Rowley AF, Stanley MS, Tocher DR, Turnbull J, Webb G, Wootton E & Shields RJ (2012) Review of climate change impacts on marine aquaculture in the UK and Ireland, Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 22 (3), pp. 389-421.
Abstract: 1. Marine aquaculture relies on coastal habitats that will be affected by climate change. This review assesses current knowledge of the threats and opportunities of climate change for aquaculture in the UK and Ireland, focusing on the most commonly farmed species, blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). 2. There is sparse evidence to indicate that climate change is affecting aquaculture in the UK and Ireland. Impacts to date have been difficult to discern from natural environmental variability, and the pace of technological development in aquaculture overshadows effects of climatic change. However, this review of broader aquaculture literature and the likely effects of climate change suggests that over the next century, climate change has the potential to directly impact the industry. 3. Impacts are related to the industry's dependence on the marine environment for suitable biophysical conditions. For instance, changes in the frequency and strength of storms pose a risk to infrastructure, such as salmon cages. Sea-level rise will shift shoreline morphology, reducing the areal extent of some habitats that are suitable for the industry. Changes in rainfall patterns will increase the turbidity and nutrient loading of rivers, potentially triggering harmful algal blooms and negatively affecting bivalve farming. In addition, ocean acidification may disrupt the early developmental stages of shellfish. 4. Some of the most damaging but least predictable effects of climate change relate to the emergence, translocation and virulence of diseases, parasites and pathogens, although parasites and diseases in finfish aquaculture may be controlled through intervention. The spread of nuisance and non-native species is also potentially damaging. 5. Rising temperatures may create the opportunity to rear warmer water species in theUKand Ireland. Market forces, rather than technical feasibility, are likely to determine whether existing farmed species are displaced by new ones.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/8944
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2247
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Swansea University
Aquaculture
Swansea University
Aquaculture
University College Cork
Scottish Marine Institute
Aquaculture
University College Cork
Scottish Marine Institute
Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Swansea University
Scottish Marine Institute
Aquaculture
Swansea University
Scottish Marine Institute
University College Cork
Swansea University
Swansea University
Bangor University
Swansea University
Scottish Marine Institute
Shellfish Association of Great Britain
Swansea University
Scottish Marine Institute
Aquaculture
Aquaculture
Swansea University
Swansea University
Swansea University

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