Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/779
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A qualitative analysis of compliance with smoke-free legislation in community bars in Scotland: Implications for public health
Authors: Eadie, Douglas
Heim, Derek
MacAskill, Susan
Ross, Alastair
Hastings, Gerard
Davies, John
Contact Email: douglas.eadie@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Legislation
Scotland
Workplace
Qualitative research
Poverty
Issue Date: Jun-2008
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Citation: Eadie D, Heim D, MacAskill S, Ross A, Hastings G & Davies J (2008) A qualitative analysis of compliance with smoke-free legislation in community bars in Scotland: Implications for public health, Addiction, 103 (6), pp. 1019-1026.
Abstract: Aim: To explore compliance with the smoke-free legislation within a cross-section of community bars in Scotland. Design: Ethnographic case study combining unobtrusive observation and in-depth interviews conducted pre- and post-introduction. Setting: Eight Scottish community bars in three contrasting study communities. Participants: 10 bar proprietors, 16 bar workers and 44 customers. Measurements: Observations and participant reports of compliance over the first 12 months of the smoking ban. Findings: All eight study bars endeavoured to enforce the ban, but with varying enthusiasm. Compliance varied, with violations more prevalent in those bars serving deprived communities. Most violations occurred in peripheral areas and generally went unchallenged. Six bars reported some form of complicit behaviour with staff and customers smoking together, either in the entrance area or during ‘lock-ins’ when access to the bar was restricted to regular customers. Three factors were particularly important to explaining variance between bars; smoking norms, management competency, and management attitudes towards the ban. The first and last were related to social disadvantage. Conclusions: Official data provide only a crude assessment of compliance in licensed premises. Data from this study offer a detailed picture of the nature and levels of compliance, and suggest a need for more sophisticated surveillance methods, greater enforcement and use of prosecutions where merited, and targeted support for bars serving deprived communities to help ensure the major gains already achieved are retained and built upon. It is also suggested that acceptance of the smoke-free legislation could be enhanced by complementary initiatives targeting support to smokers in deprived communities. Those planning to introduce smoke-free legislation need to set in place these measures in advance in order to realise the benefits of full compliance.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/779
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02217.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Institute for Social Marketing
University of Central Lancashire
Institute for Social Marketing
University of Strathclyde
Institute for Social Marketing
University of Strathclyde

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