Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7699

Appears in Collections:School of Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The developmental origins of fear of failure in adolescent athletes: Examining parental practices
Authors: Sagar, Sam S
Lavallee, David
Contact Email: david.lavallee@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Parents
Sport socialization
Expectations
Control
Love withdrawal
Punishment
Fear
Youth sport
Qualitative methodology
Issue Date: May-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Sagar SS & Lavallee D (2010) The developmental origins of fear of failure in adolescent athletes: Examining parental practices, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11 (3), pp. 177-187.
Abstract: Objectives: We investigated the developmental origins of fear of failure (FF) in adolescent athletes by examining how parental sport socialization practices in daily parent-child interaction contribute to the development of FF in the child- athlete. Method: Three intact families of adolescent athletes (ages 13-14 years) participated in the study; three athletes and six parents. Each mother, father and athlete was interviewed separately three times over a 3-4 week period. Interviews with parents ranged between 90 and 200 min and with the athletes between 60 and 106 min. Social constructionist epistemology underpinned the study. Results: Data analyses revealed three categories of parental sport socialization practices that can contribute to young athletes' FF: punitive behavior, controlling behavior, and high expectations for achievement. These practices appear to be grounded in the parents' belief that losing competitions will lead to aversive consequences for their child's sporting progression and career. Therefore, they employed these practices in an attempt to ensure their child's success in competitions. Conclusions: Such parental socialization practices and negative responses to their child's failure can contribute to the child's FF development; as the child appraises these practices and responses to be aversive consequences of failure and, subsequently, fears failure. The present study represents the first endeavor to examine the developmental origins of FF in young athletes and its findings enhance conceptual understanding of FF in the youth sport context, contributing to theory and practice.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7699
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1469029210000063
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.01.004
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Loughborough University
School of Sport

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