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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Exploring the retirement from sport decision-making process based on the transtheoretical model
Authors: Park, Sunghee
Tod, David
Lavallee, David
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Keywords: Career transitions in sport
Focus groups
Readiness for retirement
Retirement decision-making
Stages of change
Issue Date: Jul-2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Park S, Tod D & Lavallee D (2012) Exploring the retirement from sport decision-making process based on the transtheoretical model, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13 (4), pp. 444-453.
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this study was to complement and extend the current knowledge of the particular stages of athletes' career transition process through employing the transtheoretical model (Prochaska & DiClemente, 1984) as a theoretical framework. More specifically, the current study aimed to explore Korean elite tennis players' career transition process through focusing on their retirement decision-making process, including their cognitive and behavioral changes and internal and external influences for their decisions during the final stages of their sport careers and the retirement decision-making process. Design: We employed focus groups. Methods: A total of 12 participants took part in one of three focus groups (i.e., four current players, five retired players, and three coaches) that focused on the process of athletes' retirement decision-making. All participants (seven males and five females; Mean age = 31.25, SD = 3.49 years) were either current or former Korean elite-level tennis players. The data were thematically content analyzed. Results: The results revealed three themes: (a) readiness for retirement, (b) psychological and emotional responses during the decision-making process, and (c) coping strategies; and showed that athletes' decision-making at the end of their sports careers is a dynamic process, accompanied by various emotional responses requiring different coping strategies at different stages. Conclusion: Findings indicated that the transtheoretical model helped to explain athletes' decision-making in retiring from sport and suggested to the need to provide different interventions at different stages. Identifying detailed aspects of readiness for retirement and examining the effectiveness of interventions grounded in the transtheoretical model are recommended as future research directions.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Stirling
Aberystwyth University
School of Sport

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