Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7567
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Nutrition for the sprinter
Authors: Tipton, Kevin
Jeukendrup, Asker E
Hespel, Peter
Contact Email: k.d.tipton@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: muscle hypertrophy
training adaptations
net muscle protein balance
creatine
power-to-mass ratio
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Tipton K, Jeukendrup AE & Hespel P (2007) Nutrition for the sprinter, Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (Supplement 1), pp. S5-S15.
Abstract: The primary roles for nutrition in sprints are for recovery from training and competition and influencing training adaptations. Sprint success is determined largely by the power-to-mass ratio, so sprinters aim to increase muscle mass and power. However, extra mass that does not increase power may be detrimental. Energy and protein intake are important for increasing muscle mass. If energy balance is maintained, increased mass and strength are possible on a wide range of protein intakes, so energy intake is crucial. Most sprinters likely consume ample protein. The quantity of energy and protein intake necessary for optimal training adaptations depends on the individual athlete and training demands; specific recommendations for all sprinters are, at best, useless, and are potentially harmful. However, if carbohydrate and fat intake are sufficient to maintain energy levels, then increased protein intake is unlikely to be detrimental. The type and timing of protein intake and nutrients ingested concurrently must be considered when designing optimal nutritional strategies for increasing muscle mass and power. On race day, athletes should avoid foods that result in gastrointestinal discomfort, dehydration or sluggishness. Several supplements potentially influence sprint training or performance. Beta-alanine and bicarbonate may be useful as buffering agents in longer sprints. Creatine may be efficacious for increasing muscle mass and strength and perhaps increasing intensity of repeat sprint performance during training.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7567
URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02640410701607205
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410701607205
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Sport
University of Birmingham
Research Centre for Exercise and Health

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