Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7560
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Promoting training adaptations through nutritional interventions
Authors: Hawley, John A
Tipton, Kevin
Millard-Stafford, Mindy L
Contact Email: k.d.tipton@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: AMPK
carbohydrate
glycogen
genes
fat
MAPK
mTOR
protein
Issue Date: Jul-2006
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Hawley JA, Tipton K & Millard-Stafford ML (2006) Promoting training adaptations through nutritional interventions, Journal of Sports Sciences, 24 (7), pp. 709-721.
Abstract: Training and nutrition are highly interrelated in that optimal adaptation to the demands of repeated training sessions typically requires a diet that can sustain muscle energy reserves. As nutrient stores (i.e. muscle and liver glycogen) play a predominant role in the performance of prolonged, intense, intermittent exercise typical of the patterns of soccer match-play, and in the replenishment of energy reserves for subsequent training sessions, the extent to which acutely altering substrate availability might modify the training impulse has been a key research area among exercise physiologists and sport nutritionists for several decades. Although the major perturbations to cellular homeostasis and muscle substrate stores occur during exercise, the activation of several major signalling pathways important for chronic training adaptations take place during the first few hours of recovery, returning to baseline values within 24 h after exercise. This has led to the paradigm that many chronic training adaptations are generated by the cumulative effects of the transient events that occur during recovery from each (acute) exercise bout. Evidence is accumulating that nutrient supplementation can serve as a potent modulator of many of the acute responses to both endurance and resistance training. In this article, we review the molecular and cellular events that occur in skeletal muscle during exercise and subsequent recovery, and the potential for nutrient supplementation (e.g. carbohydrate, fat, protein) to affect many of the adaptive responses to training.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7560
URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02640410500482727
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410500482727
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: RMIT University
Sport
Georgia Institute of Technology

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