Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7429
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Integrated freshwater aquaculture, crop and livestock production in the Mekong delta, Vietnam: Determinants and the role of the pond
Authors: Nhan, Dang K
Phong, Le T
Verdegem, Marc
Duong, Le T
Bosma, Roel H
Little, David Colin
Contact Email: d.c.little@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: 3
access
Adoption
agriculture
AGRICULTURE-AQUACULTURE
analysis
ANALYSIS of variance
ANIMAL SYSTEMS
AQUACULTURE
AREAS
ASIA
Attention
BANGLADESH
C
COMPONENTS
conflict
CONFLICTS
CONSUMPTION
context
CULTURE
data
DELTA
DUCKWEED
environment
environmental impact
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
factor analysis
factors
FARMERS
farming
FEAR
fish
focus
Focus groups
Food
freshwater
HOME
HOUSEHOLDS
IMPACT
IMPACTS
IMPROVEMENT
IMPROVEMENTS
INCOME
INDIVIDUALS
Information
integrated agriculture-aquaculture
INTERMEDIATE
Interview
Interviews
LAND
LTD
Management
method
methods
Motivation
NUTRIENT
nutrient recycling
Orientation
participatory
participatory approach
Play
PONDS
resources
rights
Role
Roles
rural
safeguarding
Semi-Structured Interview
service
services
SITES
socio-economic
SOIL
SOILS
SYSTEM
Systems
Technology
TILAPIA
Vietnam
WASTE-WATER
Issue Date: May-2007
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Citation: Nhan DK, Phong LT, Verdegem M, Duong LT, Bosma RH & Little DC (2007) Integrated freshwater aquaculture, crop and livestock production in the Mekong delta, Vietnam: Determinants and the role of the pond, Agricultural Systems, 94 (2), pp. 445-458.
Abstract: Promotion of integrated aquaculture with agriculture, including crops and livestock (IAA-farming), requires consideration of both bio-physical and socio-economic contexts. The major factors influencing the adoption of IAA-farming by households at three sites in the Mekong delta were identified. Special attention was given to the multiple roles ponds play in IAA-farming systems. Information was collected through semi-structured interviews and discussions with focus groups and key individuals. Data were analyzed using multivariate factor analysis, analysis of variance or participatory ranking methods. Three major lAA-systems were identified: (1) low-input fish farming integrated with intensive fruit production (system 1), (2) medium-input fish farming integrated with less intensive fruit production (system 2), and (3) high-input fish farming integrated with less intensive fruit production (system 3). System I was commonly practised in a rural fruit-dominated area with fertile soils, while systems 2 and 3 were more evident ill peri-urban rice-dominated areas with less fertile soils. In the study area, only 6% of poor farmers adopted IAA-farming, while this was 42% for intermediate and 60% for rich households. Richer farmers tended to intensify fish farming and seek a more commercial orientation. The major factors why farmers did not start aquaculture were the inappropriateness of technology, insufficient land holding or poor access to extension services, limited farm management, and through a fear of conflicts associated with pesticide use on crops. The main motivations for practising IAA-farming included increased income and food for home consumption from the available farm resources while reducing environmental impacts. Further improvements to IAA-systems can be realized by strengthening nutrient recycling between different IAA-system components while enhancing farming output and safeguarding the environment.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7429
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2006.11.017
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Can Tho University
Can Tho University
Wageningen University
Can Tho University
Wageningen University
Aquaculture

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