Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7360
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Innate immune responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) induced by probiotics
Authors: Kim, Do-Hyung
Austin, Brian
Contact Email: brian.austin@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: probiotics
Carnobacterium maltaromaticum
C. divergens
rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
innate immune response
Issue Date: Nov-2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Kim D & Austin B (2006) Innate immune responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) induced by probiotics, Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 21 (5), pp. 513-524.
Abstract: Carnobacterium maltaromaticum B26 and Carnobacterium divergens B33, which were isolated from the intestine of healthy rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum), were selected as being potentially useful as probiotics with effectiveness against Aeromonas salmonicida and Yersinia ruckeri. Thus, rainbow trout administered with feed supplemented with B26 or B33 dosed at >107 cells g−1 feed conferred protection against challenge with virulent cultures of the pathogens. Moreover, both cultures persisted in the gut for up to 3 weeks after administration. The cultures enhanced the cellular and humoral immune responses. Specifically, fish fed with B26 demonstrated significantly increased phagocytic activity of the head kidney macrophages, whereas the use of B33 led to significant increases in respiratory burst and serum lysozyme activity. Also, the gut mucosal lysozyme activity for fish fed with both cultures was statistically higher than the controls.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7360
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2006.02.007
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Heriot-Watt University
Heriot-Watt University

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