Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7350
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Probiotics in aquaculture
Authors: Irianto, Agus
Austin, Brian
Contact Email: brian.austin@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: bacteria
crustacea
disease control
finfish
microalgae
probiotics
yeasts
Issue Date: Nov-2002
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Irianto A & Austin B (2002) Probiotics in aquaculture, Journal of Fish Diseases, 25 (11), pp. 633-642.
Abstract: Probiotics, which are micro-organisms or their products with health benefit to the host, have found use in aquaculture as a means of disease control, supplementing or even in some cases replacing the use of antimicrobial compounds. A wide range of microalgae (Tetraselmis), yeasts (Debaryomyces, Phaffia and Saccharomyces) and Gram-positive (Bacillus, Carnobacterium, Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Micrococcus, Streptococcus and Weissella) and Gram-negative bacteria (Aeromonas, Alteromonas, Photorhodobacterium, Pseudomonas and Vibrio) has been evaluated. However, the mode of action of the probiotics is rarely investigated, but possibilities include competitive exclusion, i.e. the probiotics actively inhibit the colonization of potential pathogens in the digestive tract by antibiosis or by competition for nutrients and/or space, alteration of microbial metabolism, and/or by the stimulation of host immunity. Probiotics may stimulate appetite and improve nutrition by the production of vitamins, detoxification of compounds in the diet, and by the breakdown of indigestible components. There is accumulating evidence that probiotics are effective at inhibiting a wide range of fish pathogens, but the reasons for the inhibitions are often unstated.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7350
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2761.2002.00422.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Heriot-Watt University

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