Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7211
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Pathogenicity of vibrios to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) and Artemia nauplii
Authors: Austin, Brian
Austin, Dawn A
Sutherland, Rowan
Thompson, Fabiano L
Swings, Jean
Contact Email: brian.austin@stir.ac.uk
Issue Date: Sep-2005
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Austin B, Austin DA, Sutherland R, Thompson FL & Swings J (2005) Pathogenicity of vibrios to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) and Artemia nauplii, Environmental Microbiology, 7 (9), pp. 1488-1495.
Abstract: The taxonomy of marine vibrios has changed rapidly over the last two decades, and a wealth of new species have been identified. Many Vibrio species are pathogenic to fish and crustaceans; however, little is known about the virulence of many of the novel species. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of various recent isolates of vibrios to cause disease in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) and crustacea, i.e. Artemia nauplii. Of 56 isolates, representing 26 species of Enterovibrio, Photobacterium and Vibrio, obtained from a diversity of healthy and diseased aquatic animal hosts and water samples from many geographical locations, Vibrio brasiliensis, V. coralliilyticus, V. ezurae, V. fortis, V. kanaloaei, V. neptunius, V. rotiferianus and V. tubiashii were pathogenic to rainbow trout and Artemia nauplii with mortalities of up to 100%. The extracellular products of these pathogenic isolates were harmful to the animal models. In contrast, cultures of Enterovibrio norvegicus, E. coralii, Photobacterium rosenbergii, Vibrio campbellii, V. chagasii, V. cyclitrophicus, V. gallicus, V. gigasii, V. hepatarius, V. hispanicus, V. lentus, V. nereis, V. pacini, V. pomeroyi, V. shilonii, V. superstes, V. tasmaniensis and V. xuii demonstrated either non- or low virulence in the animal models.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7211
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00847.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Heriot-Watt University
Heriot-Watt University
Heriot-Watt University
Microbial Resources Division and Brazilian Collection of Environmental and Industrial Microorganisms (CBMAI), Brazil
Ghent University

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