Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/6612
Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers
Peer Review Status: Unrefereed
Title: Date of birth, family background, and the 11 plus exam: short- and long-term consequences of the 1944 secondary education reforms in England and Wales
Authors: Hart, Robert A
Moro, Mirko
Roberts, J Elizabeth
Contact Email: r.a.hart@stir.ac.uk
Citation: Hart RA, Moro M & Roberts JE (2012) Date of birth, family background, and the 11 plus exam: short- and long-term consequences of the 1944 secondary education reforms in England and Wales. Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2012-10. Stirling Management School.
Keywords: 1944 Education Act
date of birth
family background
qualifications
earnings
JEL Code(s): I21
I24
I28
Issue Date: May-2012
Publisher: Stirling Management School
Series/Report no.: Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2012-10
Abstract: Research into socio-economic impacts of the 1944 Education Act in England and Wales has been considerable. We concentrate on its two most fundamental innovations. First, it provided free universal secondary education. Second, state-funded pupils were placed into grammar schools or technical schools or secondary modern schools depending on IQ tests at age 11. The secondary modern school pupils experienced relatively poor educational opportunities. This tripartite system dominated secondary education from 1947 to 1964. For this period, we use the British Household Panel Survey to investigate the influences of date of birth and family background on (a) the probability of attending grammar or technical schools, (b) the attainment of post-school qualifications, (c) the longer-term labour market outcomes as represented by job status and earnings. We link results to research into the effects of increasing the school minimum leaving age from 14 to 15, also introduced under the 1944 Act.
Type: Working or Discussion Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/6612
Affiliation: Economics
Economics
Economics

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