Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/646
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Unrefereed
Title: The Bruce Dynasty, Becket and Scottish Pilgrimage to Canterbury, c.1178-c.1404
Authors: Penman, Michael A
Contact Email: m.a.penman@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Scotland
piety
Becket
Canterbury
Arbroath
pilgrimage
Issue Date: Dec-2006
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Citation: Penman MA (2006) The Bruce Dynasty, Becket and Scottish Pilgrimage to Canterbury, c.1178-c.1404, Journal of Medieval History, 32 (4), pp. 346-370.
Abstract: This paper seeks to question the assumption that the outbreak of prolonged Anglo-Scottish war in 1296 brought an abrupt decline in Scottish interest in St Thomas, his shrine at Canterbury and the great abbey dedicated to him in Scotland at Arbroath. A survey of Scottish devotion to Becket after 1296 reveals that in fact the interest of the monarchy and certain sections of Scottish society intensified. For the two Bruce kings, devotion to Becket developed a double importance although in very different political contexts. For Robert I (1306-29) St Thomas, Canterbury and Arbroath served as both a focus of personal faith and of strategic observances in the struggle against England. However, for David II (1329-71), captured in battle against England in 1346, such observances also became a central feature of attempts to persuade his subjects of the value of closer Anglo-Scottish relations: David's reign was marked by a surge in pilgrimage to Canterbury by Scottish royals, nobles, clerics and ordinary lay folk. Had David lived longer and/or produced a Bruce heir, continued Scottish devotion to Becket might have formed the basis of far more amicable Anglo- Scottish relations than would be the norm under Stewart kings of Scots after 1371.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/646
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03044181
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmedhist.2006.09.003
Rights: Published by Elsevier
Affiliation: History

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