Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/3571

Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Effects of dietary microalgae on growth, survival and fatty acid composition of sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus throughout larval development
Authors: Carboni, Stefano
Vignier, Julien
Tocher, Douglas R
Migaud, Herve
Contact Email: drt1@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Sea urchin
Paracentrotis lividus
Larvae
FLive feeds
microalgae
Duniella
Cricosphaera
Tetraselmis
Pleaurochrysis
Fatty acid
Composition
EPA
DHA
ARA
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Carboni S, Vignier J, Tocher DR & Migaud H (2012) Effects of dietary microalgae on growth, survival and fatty acid composition of sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus throughout larval development, Aquaculture, 324 - 325, pp. 250-258.
Abstract: This study investigated the growth, survival and fatty acid composition of sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus larvae fed four microalgal diets: Cricosphaera elongata, Pleurochrysis carterae, Tetraselmis suecica and Dunaliella tertiolecta (control). Larvae were successfully raised to competence for metamorphosis when fed C. elongata, P. carterae and D. tertiolecta diets but significant differences were found in survival rate and development. Larvae fed C. elongata showed 3 times higher survival and 20 % faster development than larvae fed the other two microalgae diets that supported development. In contrast, T. suecica failed to fully support development and larvae stalled at the four arms stage for more than 30 days. The urchin larvae could accumulate long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) such as docosahexaenoate (DHA; 22:6n-3), eicosapentaenoate (EPA; 20:5n-3) and arachidonate (ARA; 20:4n-6), either by assimilation and retention of dietary fatty acids, and/or synthesis from α-linolenic acid 18:3n-3 and linoleic acid 18:2n-6. Moreover, an accumulation of n-3 LC-PUFA and higher EPA/DHA and EPA/ARA ratios appeared to be associated with improved larval performance. The results indicate that live microalgae species, with appropriate fatty acid profiles are able to improve P. lividus larval performance, ultimately increasing hatchery profitability.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/3571
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.10.037
Rights: Published in Aquaculture by Elsevier.; This is the peer reviewed version of this article.; NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Aquaculture. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Aquaculture, VOL 324-325, (January 2012), DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.10.037.
Affiliation: University of Stirling
Ardtoe Marine Laboratory
Aquaculture
Aquaculture

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