|Appears in Collections:||Aquaculture Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Molecular cloning, characterization and nutritional regulation of key enzymes required for the effective utilization of marine wax esters by Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)|
Olsen, Rolf E
Tocher, Douglas R
fatty alcohol dehydrogenase
fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase
|Citation:||Minghetti M, Olsen RE & Tocher DR (2010) Molecular cloning, characterization and nutritional regulation of key enzymes required for the effective utilization of marine wax esters by Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), Aquaculture Nutrition, 16 (5), pp. 483-495.|
|Abstract:||Previous studies had shown that wax ester-rich lipid extracted from calanoid copepods could be a useful alternative to fish oil as a provider of long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in diets for use in salmon aquaculture. Effective utilization of wax ester requires digestion and metabolism in the intestine with the fatty alcohol component being oxidized to fatty acid in intestinal cells through the combined activities of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). We studied wax ester utilization in Atlantic salmon using a candidate gene approach, focusing on ADH and ALDH as sequence information was available for these genes, including fish sequences, facilitating isolation of the cDNAs. Here we report on the isolation and cloning of full-length cDNAs for ADH3 and ALDH3a2 genes from salmon intestinal tissue, and their functional characterisation by heterologous expression in the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The tissue expression profile of the genes and whether their expression was nutritionally regulated in salmon fed dietary copepod oil in comparison to fish fed fish oil was determined by quantitative PCR (qPCR).|
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