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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Governor Francis Bernard, the Massachusetts Friends of Government, and the Advent of the Revolution
Authors: Nicolson, Colin
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Keywords: American Revolution
Friends of Government
Francis Bernard
Imperial Crisis
Origins of the American Revolution
Issue Date: 1991
Publisher: Massachusetts Historical Society
Citation: Nicolson C (1991) Governor Francis Bernard, the Massachusetts Friends of Government, and the Advent of the Revolution, Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 103, pp. 24-113.
Abstract: This article examines the political bases of proto-Loyalism in before the American Revolution. It is based on a prosopography of 727 friends of government in Massachusetts and demonstrates that (a) they were a significant political presence during the administration of Gov. Francis Bernard, 1760-69; (b) they constituted a substantial body of opinion critical of the radical leadership of the colonial protest movement that emerged during the imperial crisis; (c) they represented a potential cadre for Loyalist counter-revolution; (d) the failure of the royal governors to build a coherent anti-revolutionary party explains the futility of counteracting the Revolution in Massachusetts in 1774-76.
Type: Journal Article
Rights: The publisher has not responded to our queries therefore this work cannot be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Notes: Page 108 has been omitted.
Affiliation: History

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