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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Efficacy of a Micro-Prompting Technology in Reducing Support Needed by People With Severe Acquired Brain Injury in Activities of Daily Living: A Randomized Control Trial (Forthcoming/Available Online)
Authors: O'Neill, Brian
Best, Catherine
O'Neill, Lauren
Ramos, Sara D S
Gillespie, Alex
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Issue Date: 29-Nov-2017
Citation: O'Neill B, Best C, O'Neill L, Ramos SDS & Gillespie A (2017) Efficacy of a Micro-Prompting Technology in Reducing Support Needed by People With Severe Acquired Brain Injury in Activities of Daily Living: A Randomized Control Trial (Forthcoming/Available Online), Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.
Abstract: Objective:  To evaluate the effectiveness of an automated interactive prompting technology in supporting the morning routine of persons with acquired brain injury. The morning routine included maintaining personal hygiene and dressing.  Setting:  An inpatient neurorehabilitation hospital.  Participants:  Persons with acquired brain injury who required prompting when following their morning routine (n = 24), but were not limited by physical disability or dysphasia, took part in the study. Participants (67% with traumatic brain injury) had impairment on indices of memory and executive function.  Design:  A randomized control trial evaluated the effect of an automated interactive micro-prompting device on the number of prompts by trained staff required for successful completion of the morning routine.  Main Measures:  Study-specific checklists assessed sequence performance, errors, and verbal prompts required over baseline, rehabilitation as usual, intervention, and return to baseline conditions.  Results:  The intervention significantly reduced the support required to complete the task compared with usual rehabilitation.  Conclusions:  Micro-prompting technology is an effective assistive technology for cognition, which reduces support needs in people with significant cognitive impairments.
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