Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/25382
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation in a cancer context: A qualitative study of patient, family and professional views
Authors: Wells, Mary
Aitchison, Patricia
Harris, Fiona Margaret
Ozakinci, Gozde
Radley, Andrew
Bauld, Linda
Entwistle, Vikki A
Munro, Alastair
Haw, Sally
Culbard, William
Williams, Brian
Contact Email: mary.wells@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Smoking cessation
Patients
Health professionals
Family members
Cancer
Qualitative research
Issue Date: 19-May-2017
Citation: Wells M, Aitchison P, Harris FM, Ozakinci G, Radley A, Bauld L, Entwistle VA, Munro A, Haw S, Culbard W & Williams B (2017) Barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation in a cancer context: A qualitative study of patient, family and professional views, BMC Cancer, 17, Art. No.: 348.
Abstract: Background  Continued smoking after cancer adversely affects quality of life and survival, but one fifth of cancer survivors still smoke. Despite its demands, cancer presents an opportunity for positive behaviour change. Smoking often occurs in social groups, therefore interventions which target families and individuals may be more successful. This qualitative study explored patients, family members and health professionals’ views and experiences of smoking and smoking cessation after cancer, in order to inform future interventions.  Methods  In-depth qualitative interviews (n=67) with 29 patients, 14 family members and 24 health professionals. Data were analysed using the ‘Framework’ method.  Results  Few patients and family members had used National Health Service (NHS) smoking cessation services and more than half still smoked. Most recalled little ‘smoking-related’ discussion with clinicians but were receptive to talking openly. Clinicians revealed several barriers to discussion. Participants’ continued smoking was explained by the stress of diagnosis; desire to maintain personal control; and lack of connection between smoking, cancer and health.  Conclusions  A range of barriers to smoking cessation exist for patients and family members. These are insufficiently assessed and considered by clinicians. Interventions must be more effectively integrated into routine practice.
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3344-z
Rights: © The Author(s). 2017 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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