Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/25315
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A comparison of tobacco policy in the UK and Japan: if the scientific evidence is identical, why is there a major difference in policy? (Forthcoming)
Authors: Cairney, Paul
Yamazaki, Mikine
Contact Email: p.a.cairney@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Comparative policy
UK
Japan
tobacco control
policy environments
multiple streams approach
evidence-based policymaking
Citation: Cairney P & Yamazaki M (2017) A comparison of tobacco policy in the UK and Japan: if the scientific evidence is identical, why is there a major difference in policy? (Forthcoming), Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis.
Abstract: Tobacco policy in the UK and Japan has diverged markedly. In the 1980s, both countries oversaw regimes with minimal economic and regulatory policies. Now, the UK has become one of the most, and Japan one of the least, controlled (advanced industrial) states. These developments are puzzling to public health scholars who give primary explanatory weight to scientific evidence and a vague notion of ‘political will’, because policymakers possessed the same evidence on the harms of tobacco, and made the same international commitment to comprehensive tobacco control. Instead, we identify the role of a mutually reinforcing dynamic in policy environments, facilitating policy change in the UK but not Japan: policymakers accepted the scientific evidence, framed tobacco as a public health epidemic, placed health departments at the heart of policy, formed networks with public health groups and excluded tobacco companies, and, accentuated socio-economic conditions supportive of tobacco control. This dynamic helps explain why the UK became more likely to select each tobacco policy control instrument during a series of ‘windows of opportunity’. Such analysis, generated by policy theory, is crucial to contemporary science/ practitioner debates on the politics of ‘evidence-based policymaking’: the evidence does not speak for itself, and practitioners need to know how to use it effectively in policy environments.
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Cairney Yamazaki JCPA Tobacco UK Japan final 1.3.17.pdf276.93 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 1/8/2020     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependent on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.



This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.