Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Bridging the gap between evidence and practice: A multi-perspective examination of real-world drug education
Authors: Stead, Martine
Stradling, Robert
MacNeil, Morag
MacKintosh, Anne Marie
Minty, Sarah
McDermott, Laura
Eadie, Douglas
Contact Email:
Keywords: Drug Education
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Citation: Stead M, Stradling R, MacNeil M, MacKintosh AM, Minty S, McDermott L & Eadie D (2010) Bridging the gap between evidence and practice: A multi-perspective examination of real-world drug education, Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 17 (1), pp. 1-20.
Abstract: Aims: The study examined normative school drug-education practice in Scotland and the extent to which it reflected the evidence base for effective drug education. Methods: Current guidance in Scotland was compared with systematic review evidence on drug-education effectiveness; a survey was mailed to primary, secondary and special schools (928 questionnaires returned); and 100 drug-education lessons were systematically observed across 40 schools. Findings: Nearly all schools provided drug education but modes of delivery and learning approaches did not always reflect the evidence base. There was a strong reliance on information provision and more limited use of social influences, resistance and normative approaches. Teaching was reasonably interactive, particularly with teachers who had been trained. Although drug education was provided across all school years, there was limited linkage and some duplication of content for different age groups. The rationale for resource use was not always clear, and some resources were inappropriate for pupils. Conclusions: Recommendations for closing the gap between evidence and practice include: guidance that emphasizes more strongly the weight of evidence behind recommendations; training in effective approaches; greater continuity and integration of drug education across the whole curriculum; a review of resources; and better guidance on using external visitors.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Institute for Social Marketing
University of Edinburgh
University of Edinburgh
Institute for Social Marketing
Institute for Social Marketing
Institute for Social Marketing

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Bridging the Gap DEPP online version.pdf150.87 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.