Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/2451
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The garlic component, allicin, prevents disease caused by Aeromonas hydrophila in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum)
Authors: Nya, Elijah Jacob
Dawood, Zahra
Austin, Brian
Contact Email: brian.austin@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: allicin
garlic
disease-control
rainbow trout
Issue Date: Apr-2010
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Nya EJ, Dawood Z & Austin B (2010) The garlic component, allicin, prevents disease caused by Aeromonas hydrophila in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), Journal of Fish Diseases, 33 (4), pp. 293-300.
Abstract: Allicin was fed at 0 (= control), 0.5 and 1.0 ml of Allimed® liquid 100 g-1 of feed for 14 days to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) fingerlings before infection with Aeromonas hydrophila with a resultant reduction in mortalities from 80% in the controls to 8% (relative percent survival [RPS] = 90%) and 0% (RPS = 100%) among the treated fish. Allicin was strongly antibacterial compared to the control, with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of >400 µL mL-1 of Allimed® liquid. Use of allicin led to a lower number of white blood cells (132.0±0.4 x 103) as compared to 175.0±0.1 x 103 in the controls, but elicited increased phagocytic activity, i.e a phagocytic value of 39.2% compared to 13.6% in the controls, and serum lysozyme activity, which showed significant (P>0.05) differences compared to the control at 15 and 30 min after the first reading at 0 min of incubation.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/2451
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2761.2009.01121.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Heriot-Watt University
Heriot-Watt University
Aquaculture

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