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Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Adolescent Conscientiousness Predicts Lower Lifetime Unemployment (Forthcoming)
Authors: Egan, Mark
Daly, Michael
Delaney, Liam
Boyce, Christopher J
Wood, Alex M
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Keywords: conscientiousness
Big Five personality
longitudinal data
cohort studies
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Egan M, Daly M, Delaney L, Boyce CJ & Wood AM Adolescent Conscientiousness Predicts Lower Lifetime Unemployment (Forthcoming), Journal of Applied Psychology.
Abstract: Existing research on Big Five personality and unemployment has relied on personality measures elicited after the respondents had already spent years in the labor market, an experience which could change personality. We clarify the direction of influence by using the British Cohort Study (N = 4,206) to examine whether conscientiousness and other Big Five personality traits at age 16-17 predict unemployment over age 16-42. Our hypothesis that higher conscientiousness in adolescence would predict lower unemployment was supported. In analyses controlling for intelligence, gender, and parental socioeconomic status, the less conscientious (-1SD) had a predicted probability of unemployment twice as high (3.4% vs 1.7%) as the highly conscientious (+1SD), an effect size comparable to intelligence. Mediation analysis revealed that academic motivation and educational attainment explained only 8.9% of this association. Fostering conscientiousness in early-life may be an effective way to reduce unemployment throughout adulthood.
Type: Journal Article
Rights: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. To be published in Journal of Applied Psychology by American Psychological Association. The original publication will be available at:
Affiliation: Economics
Management Work and Organisation
Management Work and Organisation

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