Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23984
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: An evaluation of fish health-management practices and occupational health hazards associated with Pangasius catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) aquaculture in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Authors: Phu, Tran M
Phuong, Nguyen Thanh
Dung, Tu Thanh
Dao, Hai M
Son, Vo Nam
Rico, Andreu
Clausen, Jesper Hedegaard
Madsen, Henry
Murray, Francis
Dalsgaard, Anders
Contact Email: f.j.murray@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: fish disease
antimicrobials
occupational health
Pangasianodon hypophthalmus
catfish
Mekong Delta
Issue Date: Sep-2016
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Phu TM, Phuong NT, Dung TT, Dao HM, Son VN, Rico A, Clausen JH, Madsen H, Murray F & Dalsgaard A (2016) An evaluation of fish health-management practices and occupational health hazards associated with Pangasius catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) aquaculture in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, Aquaculture Research, 47 (9), pp. 2778-2794.
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the current status on the use of probiotics, disinfectants and antimicrobials in hatcheries, nurseries and grow-out farms producing Pangasius catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 83 aquaculture enterprises (15 hatcheries, 32 nurseries and 36 grow-out farms). Farmers reported use of a total of 24 different antimicrobials, e.g. for treatment of bacillary necrosis and motile aeromonad septicaemia, and a variety of disinfectants, probiotics and nutritional supplements. In contrast to small-scale farmers, all large-scale grow-out farmers studied were certified and therefore had higher levels of formal education and specialized aquaculture training to diagnose and treat diseases. All farmers prepared their own medicated feed with a high risk of treatment failure, negative environmental impact from released antimicrobials and resistance development. Small-scale farmers were at particular occupational health risks when handling antimicrobials and other chemicals, e.g. mixing medicated feed with bare hands. There is an urgent need to improve knowledge and use innovative approaches, e.g. private-public partnerships, to assure a prudent use of chemicals, to improve capacity and access to disease diagnosis, particularly for small-scale grow-out farmers and nurseries. Efforts to control use of antimicrobials in aquaculture should be coordinated with the livestock and human health sectors taking an One-Health approach.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23984
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12728
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Can Tho University
Can Tho University
College of Agriculture, Can Tho
Can Tho University
Can Tho University
Wageningen University
University of Copenhagen
University of Copenhagen
Aquaculture
University of Copenhagen

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