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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Title: Effect of lower limb massage on electromyography and force production of the knee extensors
Authors: Hunter, Angus
Watt, Joan M
Watt, V
Galloway, S D
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Issue Date: Feb-2006
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: Hunter A, Watt JM, Watt V & Galloway SD (2006) Effect of lower limb massage on electromyography and force production of the knee extensors, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40 (2), pp. 114-118.
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effect of massage on force production and neuromuscular recruitment. Methods: Ten healthy male subjects performed isokinetic concentric contractions on the knee extensors at speeds of 60, 120, 180, and 240°/s. These contractions were performed before and after a 30 minute intervention of either rest in the supine position or lower limb massage. Electromyography (EMG) and force data were captured during the contractions. Results: The change in isokinetic mean force due to the intervention showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) at 60°/s and a trend for a decrease (p = 0.08) at 120°/s as a result of massage compared with passive rest. However, there were no corresponding differences in any of the EMG data. A reduction in force production was shown at 60°/s with no corresponding alteration in neuromuscular activity. Conclusions: The results suggests that motor unit recruitment and muscle fibre conduction velocity are not responsible for the observed reductions in force. Although experimental confirmation is necessary, a possible explanation is that massage induced force loss by influencing “muscle architecture”. However, it is possible that the differences were only found at 60°/s because it was the first contraction after massage. Therefore muscle tension and architecture after massage and the duration of any massage effect need to be examined.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in British Journal of Sports Medicine 2006;40:114-118 by BMJ Publishing. The original publication is available at:
Affiliation: Sport
University of Stirling
University of Stirling

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