Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23755
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: An evaluation of the complete replacement of both fishmeal and fish oil in diets for juvenile Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer
Authors: Glencross, Brett
Blyth, David
Irvin, Simon
Bourne, Nicholas
Campet, Marcel
Boisot, Pascal
Wade, Nicholas M
Contact Email: b.d.glencross@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Barramundi
Nutrition
Feed
FIFO
Replacement
Nutrigenomics
Issue Date: 20-Jan-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Glencross B, Blyth D, Irvin S, Bourne N, Campet M, Boisot P & Wade NM (2016) An evaluation of the complete replacement of both fishmeal and fish oil in diets for juvenile Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer, Aquaculture, 451, pp. 298-309.
Abstract: An experiment was conducted to examine the potential for the complete replacement of fishmeal (FM) and fish oil (FO) in diets for barramundi,Lates calcarifer. A series of diets were formulated to the same digestible protein and energy specifications, but which were designed with FM inclusion levels at 300, 200, 100 or 0g/kg and FO at 100%, 30%, 15% or 0% of the added oil in the diets (4×4 factorial design). Ricebran oil was the alternative oil used in the growth study, while soybean meal and poultry meal were the main alternative protein sources used. For the growth study, fish of an initial weight of 154.4±1.1g were randomly allocated across 48 tanks (three replicates per treatment). After eight weeks, the average weight gain across all treatments was 187.7±2.3g/fish and feed conversion across all treatments averaged 1.04±0.01 feed/gain. A significant effect of FM on both feed intake and weight gain was observed, and this was observed as early as within the first few weeks, but no similar such effect was observed with FO. No effects were observed on protein deposition efficiency, though both lipid and energy deposition efficiencies were affected by FM level. The reduction in FO had a notable effect on the fatty acid composition of the diets and subsequently the fish fatty acid composition. Expression of key LC-PUFA metabolism genes in the liver of the fish was influenced by both FM and FO levels, but was only significant at the extremes of the treatment ranges. The results from this study demonstrate that there is clear potential to replace almost all the FM content of barramundi diets without loss of fish performance, up to and including diets with as little as 100g/kg fishmeal. Replacement of fish oil was more successful with the ability to completely replace all FO demonstrated at all but the lowest inclusion levels of FM. These results clearly demonstrate that the near complete replacement of both FM and FO in barramundi diets is a technical reality.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23755
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.09.012
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Accepted refereed manuscript of: Glencross B, Blyth D, Irvin S, Bourne N, Campet M, Boisot P & Wade NM (2016) An evaluation of the complete replacement of both fishmeal and fish oil in diets for juvenile Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer, Aquaculture, 451, pp. 298-309. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.09.012 © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Affiliation: Aquaculture
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
InVivo Group
InVivo Group
CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research

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