Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23215
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Research is ‘a step into the unknown’: an exploration of pharmacists’ perceptions of factors impacting on research participation in the NHS
Authors: Lowrie, Richard
Morrison, Graeme
Lees, Rosalind
Grant, Christopher H
Johnson, Chris F
MacLean, Fiona
Semple, Yvonne
Thomson, Alison
Harrison, Heather
Mullen, Alexander B
Lannigan, Norman
Macdonald, Sara R
Contact Email: c.f.johnson@stir.ac.uk
Issue Date: 30-Dec-2015
Publisher: BMJ Publishing
Citation: Lowrie R, Morrison G, Lees R, Grant CH, Johnson CF, MacLean F, Semple Y, Thomson A, Harrison H, Mullen AB, Lannigan N & Macdonald SR (2015) Research is ‘a step into the unknown’: an exploration of pharmacists’ perceptions of factors impacting on research participation in the NHS, BMJ Open, 5 (12), Art. No.: e009180.
Abstract: Objective This study explored National Health Service (NHS) pharmacists’ perceptions and experiences of pharmacist-led research in the workplace.  Design Semistructured, face-to-face discussions continued until distinct clusters of opinion characteristics formed. Verbatim transcripts of audio-recordings were subjected to framework analysis.  Setting Interviews were carried out with 54 pharmacists with diverse backgrounds and roles from general practices and secondary care in the UK's largest health authority.  Results The purpose and potential of health services research (HSR) was understood and acknowledged to be worthwhile by participants, but a combination of individual and system-related themes tended to make participation difficult, except when this was part of formal postgraduate education leading to a qualification. Lack of prioritisation was routinely cited as the greatest barrier, with motivation, confidence and competence as additional impediments. System-related themes included lack of practical support and pharmacy professional issues. A minority of highly motivated individuals managed to embed research participation into routine activity.  Conclusions Most pharmacists realised the desirability and necessity of research to underpin pharmacy service expansion, but a combination of individual and professional level changes is needed to increase activity. Our findings provide a starting point for better understanding the mindset of hospital-based and general practice-based pharmacists towards research, as well as their perceived barriers and supports.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23215
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009180
Rights: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Affiliation: NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
University of Edinburgh
Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport
NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
University of Strathclyde
NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde
University of Glasgow



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