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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Unrefereed
Title: Protein intake and exercise for optimal muscle function with aging: recommendations from the ESPEN Expert Group
Authors: Deutz, Nicolaas E P
Bauer, Jurgen M
Barazzoni, Rocco
Biolo, Gianni
Boirie, Yves
Bosy-Westphal, Anja
Cederholm, Tommy
Cruz-Jentoft, Alfonso
Krznaric, Zeljko
Nair, K Sreekumaran
Singer, Pierre
Teta, Daniel
Tipton, Kevin
Calder, Philip C
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Keywords: Aging
Amino acids
Sarcopenic obesity
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Deutz NEP, Bauer JM, Barazzoni R, Biolo G, Boirie Y, Bosy-Westphal A, Cederholm T, Cruz-Jentoft A, Krznaric Z, Nair KS, Singer P, Teta D, Tipton K & Calder PC (2014) Protein intake and exercise for optimal muscle function with aging: recommendations from the ESPEN Expert Group, Clinical Nutrition, 33 (6), pp. 929-936.
Abstract: The aging process is associated with gradual and progressive loss of muscle mass along with lowered strength and physical endurance. This condition, sarcopenia, has been widely observed with aging in sedentary adults. Regular aerobic and resistance exercise programs have been shown to counteract most aspects of sarcopenia. In addition, good nutrition, especially adequate protein and energy intake, can help limit and treat age-related declines in muscle mass, strength, and functional abilities. Protein nutrition in combination with exercise is considered optimal for maintaining muscle function.  With the goal of providing recommendations for health care professionals to help older adults sustain muscle strength and function into older age, the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) hosted a Workshop on Protein Requirements in the Elderly, held in Dubrovnik on November 24 and 25, 2013. Based on the evidence presented and discussed, the following recommendations are made (a) for healthy older people, the diet should provide at least 1.0–1.2g protein/kg body weight/day, (b) for older people who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition because they have acute or chronic illness, the diet should provide 1.2–1.5g protein/kg body weight/day, with even higher intake for individuals with severe illness or injury, and (c) daily physical activity or exercise (resistance training, aerobic exercise) should be undertaken by all older people, for as long as possible.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Texas A&M University
Carl von Ossietzky University, Germany
University of Trieste
University of Trieste
University of Auvergne
University of Hohenheim
Uppsala University
Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal
University Hospital Center, Zagreb
Mayo Clinic
Tel Aviv University
University of Lausanne
University of Southampton

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