Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22380
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Methods of Measurement in epidemiology: Sedentary Behaviour
Authors: Atkin, Andrew J
Gorely, Trish
Clemes, Stacy A
Yates, Thomas
Edwardson, Charlotte L
Brage, Soren
Salmon, Jo
Marshall, Simon J
Biddle, Stuart J H
Contact Email: trish.gorely@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Sedentary behaviour
epidemiology
validity
reliability
Issue Date: Oct-2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Atkin AJ, Gorely T, Clemes SA, Yates T, Edwardson CL, Brage S, Salmon J, Marshall SJ & Biddle SJH (2012) Methods of Measurement in epidemiology: Sedentary Behaviour, International Journal of Epidemiology, 41 (5), pp. 1460-1471.
Abstract: Background: Research examining sedentary behaviour as a potentially independent risk factor for chronic disease morbidity and mortality has expanded rapidly in recent years. Methods: We present a narrative overview of the sedentary behaviour measurement literature. Subjective and objective methods of measuring sedentary behaviour suitable for use in population-based research with children and adults are examined. The validity and reliability of each method is considered, gaps in the literature specific to each method identified and potential future directions discussed. Results: To date, subjective approaches to sedentary behaviour measurement, e.g. questionnaires, have focused predominantly on TV viewing or other screen-based behaviours. Typically, such measures demonstrate moderate reliability but slight to moderate validity. Accelerometry is increasingly being used for sedentary behaviour assessments; this approach overcomes some of the limitations of subjective methods, but detection of specific postures and postural changes by this method is somewhat limited. Instruments developed specifically for the assessment of body posture have demonstrated good reliability and validity in the limited research conducted to date. Miniaturization of monitoring devices, interoperability between measurement and communication technologies and advanced analytical approaches are potential avenues for future developments in this field. Conclusions: High-quality measurement is essential in all elements of sedentary behaviour epidemiology, from determining associations with health outcomes to the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions. Sedentary behaviour measurement remains relatively under-developed, although new instruments, both objective and subjective, show considerable promise and warrant further testing.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22380
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dys118
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Loughborough University
Sport
Loughborough University
University of Leicester
Loughborough University
Medical Research Council
Deakin University
San Diego State University
Loughborough University

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