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Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Self-control, future orientation, smoking, and the impact of Dutch tobacco control measures
Authors: Daly, Michael
Delaney, Liam
Baumeister, Roy
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Keywords: Self-control
Future orientation
Smoking restrictions
Tobacco control
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Daly M, Delaney L & Baumeister R (2015) Self-control, future orientation, smoking, and the impact of Dutch tobacco control measures, Addictive Behaviors Reports, 1, pp. 89-96.
Abstract: Introduction: The pronounced discrepancy between smokers' intentions to quit and their smoking behavior has led researchers to suggest that many smokers are time inconsistent, have self-control problems, and may benefit from external efforts to constrain their consumption. This study aims to test whether self-control and future orientation predict smoking levels and to identify if these traits modify how cigarette consumption responds to the introduction of tobacco control measures. Methods: A sample of Dutch adults (N=1585) completed a measure of self-control and the Consideration of Future Consequences Scale (CFCS) in 2001 and indicated their tobacco consumption each year from 2001 to 2007. In 2004, a workplace smoking ban and substantial tax increase on tobacco was introduced in the Netherlands. To identify the potential impact of these tobacco control measures we examined whether participants smoked or were heavy smokers (20+ cigarettes per day) each year from 2001 to 2007. Results: Participants with high self-control and CFCS scores showed lower rates of smoking across the seven year period of the study. The 2004 smoking restrictions were linked with a subsequent decline in heavy smoking. This decline was moderated by self-control levels. Those with low self-control showed a large reduction in heavy smoking whereas those with high self-control did not. The effects were, however, temporary: many people with low self-control resumed heavy smoking 2-3years after the introduction of the tobacco restrictions. Conclusions: The immediate costs which national tobacco control measures impose on smokers may assist smokers with poor self-control in reducing their cigarette consumption.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Affiliation: Management Work and Organisation
Florida State University

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