Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/21919
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Childhood Self-Control and Unemployment Throughout the Life Span: Evidence From Two British Cohort Studies
Authors: Daly, Michael
Delaney, Liam
Egan, Mark
Baumeister, Roy
Contact Email: michael.daly@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: personality
self-control
unemployment
economic recession
human capital
open data
open materials
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Publisher: SAGE
Citation: Daly M, Delaney L, Egan M & Baumeister R (2015) Childhood Self-Control and Unemployment Throughout the Life Span: Evidence From Two British Cohort Studies, Psychological Science, 26 (6), pp. 709-723.
Abstract: The capacity for self-control may underlie successful labor-force entry and job retention, particularly in times of economic uncertainty. Analyzing unemployment data from two nationally representative British cohorts (N = 16,780), we found that low self-control in childhood was associated with the emergence and persistence of unemployment across four decades. On average, a 1-SD increase in self-control was associated with a reduction in the probability of unemployment of 1.4 percentage points after adjustment for intelligence, social class, and gender. From labor-market entry to middle age, individuals with low self-control experienced 1.6 times as many months of unemployment as those with high self-control. Analysis of monthly unemployment data before and during the 1980s recession showed that individuals with low self-control experienced the greatest increases in unemployment during the recession. Our results underscore the critical role of self-control in shaping life-span trajectories of occupational success and in affecting how macroeconomic conditions affect unemployment levels in the population.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/21919
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797615569001
Rights: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm).
Affiliation: Management Work and Organisation
Economics
Economics
Florida State University

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