|Appears in Collections:||Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Childhood Self-Control and Unemployment Throughout the Life Span: Evidence From Two British Cohort Studies|
|Citation:||Daly M, Delaney L, Egan M & Baumeister R (2015) Childhood Self-Control and Unemployment Throughout the Life Span: Evidence From Two British Cohort Studies, Psychological Science, 26 (6), pp. 709-723.|
|Abstract:||The capacity for self-control may underlie successful labor-force entry and job retention, particularly in times of economic uncertainty. Analyzing unemployment data from two nationally representative British cohorts (N = 16,780), we found that low self-control in childhood was associated with the emergence and persistence of unemployment across four decades. On average, a 1-SD increase in self-control was associated with a reduction in the probability of unemployment of 1.4 percentage points after adjustment for intelligence, social class, and gender. From labor-market entry to middle age, individuals with low self-control experienced 1.6 times as many months of unemployment as those with high self-control. Analysis of monthly unemployment data before and during the 1980s recession showed that individuals with low self-control experienced the greatest increases in unemployment during the recession. Our results underscore the critical role of self-control in shaping life-span trajectories of occupational success and in affecting how macroeconomic conditions affect unemployment levels in the population.|
|Rights:||This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm).|
|Affiliation:||Management Work and Organisation|
Florida State University
|Daly et al_PsychSci_2015.pdf||545.87 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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