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Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics eTheses
Title: Modelling the evolution of sexual behaviour
Authors: McKeown, Jennifer J
Supervisor(s): Hoyle, Andrew
Gilburn, Andre
Keywords: antagonistic coevolution
avian protandry
convenience polyandry
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: University of Stirling
Abstract: This thesis presents two studies where natural and sexual selection have interacted to evolve sexual behaviours. The thesis uses mathematical modelling to understand how these forces have caused each behaviour to evolve. This is useful because the results allow for reflection on the potential role of sexual selection in adaptation of these species to a changing environment. The first study is of early male arrival to spring breeding grounds in migratory avian species, this is termed protandry. The study explores the main hypotheses for avian protandry and then tests the susceptibility of each hypothesis to changing environment. The second study is of convenience polyandry in species where there is conflict over mating rate. Females have multiple strategies to avoid harassive males but strategies vary in cost and success rate; she must balance her strategy use to minimise her fitness depreciation. The study identifies the main factors that cause convenience polyandry to evolve and paves the way for future studies to investigate if sexual selection over resistance strategy provides these species a future advantage in adaptation to a changing environment.
Type: Thesis or Dissertation

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