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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The relative importance of avoidance and restoration-oriented stressors for grief and depression in bereaved parents
Authors: Harper, Mairi
O'Connor, Rory C
O'Carroll, Ronan
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Keywords: grief
death of a child
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Citation: Harper M, O'Connor RC & O'Carroll R (2015) The relative importance of avoidance and restoration-oriented stressors for grief and depression in bereaved parents, Psychology, Health and Medicine, 20 (8), pp. 906-915.
Abstract: Previous research has identified a number of individual risk factors for parental bereavement including the sex of the parent, the sex of the child, avoidance-focussed coping style and time since death. These factors emerged from research where variables were tested univariately and their relative importance is currently unknown. The current research, therefore, aims to investigate which risk factors are important, multivariately, for the outcomes of grief and depression in parents following the death of their child. Psychosocial measures were completed by 106 bereaved parents four years post-loss, recruited from death records in Scotland. The cause of the child's death included long-term illness and stillbirths as well as sudden and violent deaths. In multivariate regression analyses, depression was predicted by higher avoidance- focussed coping and higher number of restoration-oriented stressors such as relationship difficulties, problems at work and financial issues. Grief was predicted by higher avoidance, restoration stressors and level of continuing bonds. The present study adds to the knowledge about the phenomenon of parental bereavement with participants recruited directly from death records rather than through support, clinical or obituary sources. Factors previously found to be associated with outcomes when tested univariately such as sudden, violent death or sex of the parent were not significant when tested multivariately. This study highlights that different vulnerability factors exist for grief and depression in bereaved parents.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Psychology, Health & Medicine on 11 December 2014, available online:
Affiliation: HS UG Regulated - Stirling
University of Glasgow

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