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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Infant Feeding Attitudes and Knowledge among Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Women in Glasgow
Authors: Dungy, Claibourne I
McInnes, Rhona
Tappin, David
Wallis, Anne Baber
Oprescu, Florin
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Keywords: Infant feeding
Social networks
Women’s health
Socioeconomic status
Issue Date: May-2008
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Dungy CI, McInnes R, Tappin D, Wallis AB & Oprescu F (2008) Infant Feeding Attitudes and Knowledge among Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Women in Glasgow, Maternal and Child Health Journal, 12 (3), pp. 313-322.
Abstract: Objectives This study: (1) investigated infant feeding attitudes and knowledge among socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers in an urban community with historically low breastfeeding rates, (2) examined the influence of women’s social networks on infant feeding attitudes and decisions, and (3) validated a measure of infant feeding attitudes and knowledge in this population (Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale, IIFAS). Methods Women attending a prenatal clinic ( n = 49) reported on: (1) demographics, (2) infant feeding attitudes and knowledge (IIFAS), (3) feeding intent, (4) opinions about breastfeeding in public, and (5) social networks. Feeding method at discharge was abstracted from hospital charts. Social network members ( n = 47) identified by the prenatal sample completed interviews covering: (1) demographics, (2) infant feeding attitudes and knowledge (IIFAS), (3) prior infant feeding methods and recommendations, and (4) opinions about breastfeeding in public. Results Mean IIFAS scores were low in both groups, indicating neutral to negative breastfeeding attitudes; mothers’ scores were lower than social network members. Higher maternal IIFAS score was significantly associated with intended and actual breastfeeding. A social network positive towards breastfeeding was significantly associated with mothers’ positive attitude towards breastfeeding. Both mothers and social network members support breastfeeding in public. IIFAS internal consistency was robust for both mothers and social network members. Predictive validity was demonstrated by significant positive association between score and intended and actual feeding methods. Conclusions Knowledge and attitude predict breastfeeding initiation in this population. Social network members may influence mothers’ feeding choices. This research is important because attitudes and knowledge derived from the IIFAS can be used to develop and evaluate breastfeeding promotion programs.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Iowa
HS Research - Stirling
Institute for Social Marketing
University of Iowa
University of Iowa

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