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Appears in Collections:Literature and Languages eTheses
Title: An Exploration of Gender Stereotypes in the Work of James Hogg
Authors: Leonardi, Barbara
Supervisor(s): Gilbert, Suzanne
Keywords: James Hogg
gender and politeness
literary communication
Bakhtin's socio-linguistics
Highland masculinity
ballads of infanticide
marriage trope
Scotland and Empire
secondary heroines
Grice's maxims for Literature
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: University of Stirling
Citation: The first part of chapter one is based on ‘James Hogg, the Three Perils, and the Pragmatics of Bourgeois Marriage’, Studies in Hogg and his World, 22 (2012), 19-38. A section of chapter two is based on 'James Hogg, 'Basil Lee', and the Pragmatics of Highland Masculinity', NAWA: Journal of Language and Communication, 6∙1 (June 2012), 84-101; an earlier version can be retrieved at <> [last access 24 September 2013]. The section on Bell Calvert in chapter three is based on the last part of ‘The Pragmatics of Literary Interaction in James Hogg’s The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner’, Papers from the Lancaster University Postgraduate Conference in Linguistics & Language Teaching 2010, 5 (2011), 92-108 <> [last access 24 September 2013]. The section on ‘Cousin Mattie’ in chapter three is based on ‘The Pragmatics of Dreams in James Hogg’s ‘Cousin Mattie’’, <> [last access 24 September 2013].
Abstract: A self-educated shepherd, Scottish writer James Hogg (1770-1835) spoke from a position outside the dominant discourse, depicting issues of his age related to gender, class, and ethnicity by giving voice to people from the margins and, thus (either consciously or unconsciously), revealing gender politics and Britain's imperial aims. Hogg’s contemporary critics received his work rather negatively, viewing his subjects such as prostitution, out-of-wedlock-pregnancy, infanticide, and the violence of war as violating the principles of literary politeness. Hogg’s obstinacy in addressing these issues, however, supports the thesis that his aim was far more significant than challenging the expectations of his contemporary readers. This project shows that pragmatics can be applied productively to literature because its eclecticism offers the possibility of developing a detailed discussion about three aspects of literary communication—the author, the reader and the text—without prioritising any of them. Literature is an instance of language in use (the field of pragmatics) where an author creates the texts and a reader recreates the author’s message through the text. Analysis of Hogg’s flouting of Grice’s maxims for communication strategies and of his defying the principles of politeness enables a theoretically supported discussion about Hogg’s possible intentions, as well as about how his intentions were perceived by the literary establishment of his time; while both relevance theory and Bakhtin’s socio-linguistics enriched by a historically contextualised politeness shed new light on the negative reception of Hogg’s texts.
Type: Thesis or Dissertation

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